08 Apr

Accord 1998 Mideast Peace Agreement

“Man invents things,” says Erekat. “We say we will respect the agreement with the letter. The man is looking for excuses not to enforce [the agreement] because of his ideology. Again, a man who says that 75% of the Israeli population says yes to the Wye agreement and 92 members of the Knesset insist on being the prime minister of the 3% extremists and settlers. In September 1995, Rabin, Arafat and Peres signed a peace agreement that provides for the extension of Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank and democratic elections to designate the leadership of the Palestinian Authority. Just over a month later, on November 4, 1995, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist at a peace rally in Tel Aviv. Peres became Prime Minister and promised to continue the peace process. However, terrorist attacks by Palestinian extremists in early 1996 denied Israeli public opinion and in May Benjamin Netanyahu was elected prime minister by the right-wing Likud party. Mr. Netanyahu insisted that the President of the Palestinian Authority, Arafat, respect his commitment to end terrorism by Palestinian extremists, but sporadic attacks continued and the peace process became enserable. The roadmap is a plan drawn up by the “Quartet” – the United States, Russia, the European Union and the United Nations. It does not set out the details of a final settlement, but proposes how to approach an agreement. It followed the efforts of U.S. Senator George Mitchell to revive the peace process in 2001.

After nine days of negotiations, sometimes 24 hours a day, on the remote Wye River Plantation refuge in eastern Maryland, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Jasser Arafat agreed on a revolutionary agreement on land for peace in the West Bank. After President Clinton and King Hussein of Jordan entered the talks, the Palestinians agreed to abolish the anti-Israeli provisions of their constitution; The Israelis decided to give up 13% more in the West Bank and release 750 political prisoners. Netanyahu did not sign the agreement zealously and many skeptics predicted he would not implement it. But since his return to Israel, he has lobbied for his cabinet and members of the Knesset, the Israeli parliament, to approve the plan. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas participated in talks with representatives of the Quartet of Peace and more than a dozen Arab countries, including Saudi Arabia and Syria. This was considered important because they do not officially recognize Israel. U.S. President Jimmy Carter used the new atmosphere to invite President Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to speak at the presidential retreat at Camp David, near Washington.

The discussions lasted 12 days and resulted in two agreements. The Wye Agreement obliges Israel to provide an additional 13% of the West Bank to the Palestinians in exchange for a lasting Palestinian campaign against terrorism. At the end of his second presidential term, U.S. President George W. Bush organized a conference at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, to revive the peace process. (4) Both parties agree that the outcome of the sustainable status negotiations should not be compromised or anticipated by the agreements reached during the transition period. [1] Sinai was repatriated to Egypt in 1979 as part of an Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement, but the rest of the occupied territories remained under Israeli control.

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