While the contract counts each ICBM and SLBM re-entry vehicle as a single warhead, the rules for counting warheads assigned to heavy bombers are more complicated. Any Russian heavy bomber equipped with long-range nuclear ALCM (defined as a maximum range of 600 km or more) up to a total of 180 bombers counts as eight warheads towards the limit of 6,000 warheads, although existing Russian heavy bomber types can carry between six and 16 ALCM. For each Russian heavy bomber above the 180 level, the actual number of AGC is counted within the limit of 6,000 warheads. Similarly, each ALCM long-range nuclear bomber carrying up to a total of 150 bombers counts as 10 warheads towards the limit of 6,000 warheads, and each bomber over 150 has counted the actual number of ALCM it can carry relative to the warhead limit. Bombers that are not equipped for long-range nuclear AMCs are counted as a warhead. On January 4, a Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement accusing the United States of violating START I by failing to apply contractually approved elimination procedures to the second and third stages of peacekeeper iCBMs (MX). The statement also warned that the U.S. government would violate the INF Treaty if these steps were used to create an IRBM under the guise of developing a ballistic missile target. The statement also claims that the target of the Hera ballistic missile, which uses the Minuteman II stage, is in fact an IRBM and that its existence constitutes a violation of the INF Treaty.
The U.S. Senate passes the Nunn-Lugar Act, which establishes the Cooperative Threat Reduction (RTC) program. The programme will provide financial and technical assistance to the States of the former Soviet Union for the securing and dismantling of nuclear weapons and their storage in fissile material; Remove thousands of warheads from their territories; and employing nuclear scientists in civilian activities. Since 1991, the CTR program has received more than $5.9 billion annually in defenses. In May 1992, the former Soviet republics of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine signed the Lisbon Protocol to start I, demonstrating their intention to accede to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons as non-nuclear-weapon States. However, over the next year, the situation changed dramatically for a number of reasons. Concerns about the proliferation of nuclear weapons increased interest in banning tests when France detonated its first weapon in 1960 and the People`s Republic of China appeared to be on the verge of successfully building its own atomic bomb. However, it was the rapid escalation of the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962 that forced the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union to more aggressively seek a deal that could help them avoid the devastating destruction that a nuclear war would bring. .